The eastern half of the island of New Guinea is mountainous, with coastal lowlands of marshes and plains, including sorne of the most extensive swampland in the world.
There are severallarger outlying islands of volcanic origin; and 600 smaller, mainly coral-reef islands. Max. altitude: 4,519 m. (14,827 ft.) (Mt. Wilhelm)
Area: 452,862 sq. km. (174,850 sq. mi.)
Density: 9 pers./sq. km. (23 pers./sq. mi.) (1993)
Arable land: 0.1% (1989-90)
Forest: 84% (1989-90)
Climate: Equatorial, with high heat, humidity, and rainfall. Temperatures are cooler in the highlands. Monsoon season from December to March